Airgun laws and security requirements you need to know

Airgun laws and security requirements you need to know


Can a parent, friend or relative buy a youngster an airgun for a birthday or Christmas?

Q: Can my ex-husband buy an air rifle for our nine-year-old? Is it legal? My son seems a bit young for one?

A: It is against the law for anyone under the age of 18 to buy or own an airgun or airgun ammunition, even if it is given as a gift. An adult aged 18 or over can, however, buy and own a legal-limit (sub12ft/lb) airgun and allow a child as young as your son to shoot under very close supervision on his or her own property or on land where they have permission to shoot. Whilst you might think that this is buying an airgun for your son, in fact the airgun must be owned, kept and controlled by the parent.

Children aged under 18 are allowed to use legal-limit airguns under adult supervision

The airgun laws as they stand

  • Owners of airguns MUST stop under 18’s gaining unauthorised access and will face a fine if they fail in this duty.
  • To keep air weapons away from the wrong hands store them in a lockable cupboard or a gun cabinet. The keys must be kept away from the cabinet separately and in a secure place. If the cupboard does not have a lock you can use a secure locking device to attach the air rifle to the fabric of a building or a fixed feature.
  • The law is different in Scotland. There you need an Air Weapon Certificate or a visitor permit to use, possess, purchase or acquire an air weapon.
  • Air weapons and ammunition must not be sold to anybody under 18. This is illegal.
  • Those using air rifles should take careful note of boundaries. If an air pellet is fired that goes beyond the boundaries of any premises then an offence has been committed. (Read this useful article on garden airgunning and use of safe backstops.) This includes a supervising adult who allows a person under the age of 18 to use an air weapon for firing a pellet beyond the boundaries of any premises.
  • Airguns with a muzzle energy of more than 12ft/lbs can only be held on a firearm certificate

The airgun supervisor must be at least 21 years old

How old do you have to be to use an airgun?

Under 14 years

  • An air weapon can be used under supervision on private premises with permission from the occupier – normally the owner or tenant.
  • The supervisor must be at least 21 years old.
  • An air weapon or ammunition cannot be bought, hired or received as a gift, or shoot, without adult supervision.
  • Parents or guardians who buy an air weapon for use by someone under 14 must exercise control over it at all times, even in the home or garden.

14-17 years

  • An air weapon and ammunition can be borrowed
  • You can use an air weapon, without supervision, on private premises where you have permission
  • You cannot buy or hire an air weapon, or ammunition, or receive one as a gift.
  • Your air weapon and ammunition must be bought and looked after by someone over 18 – normally your parent, guardian or some other responsible adult.
  • You cannot have an air weapon in a public place unless you are supervised by somebody aged 21 or over, and you have a reasonable excuse to do so (for example, while on the way to a shooting ground).

Although airgun shooting is very accessible you can still fall foul of the law if you don’t stick to the rules relating to their use and ownership.

18 years and above

  • Those above the age of 18 can buy an air weapon and ammunition, which can be used wherever permission to shoot has been given.
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